Irish (Gaelige) is a language which belongs to the Celtic language group of the Indo-European language family. It is the official language of Ireland, Northern Ireland, which is a part of the United Kingdom, and the European Union. It has the oldest literature in terms of colloquial language in Western Europe. There are a great number of acknowledged Irish authors in modern English literature.
James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, W.B. Yeats, Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, Jonathan Swift, Seamus Heaney and other famous Irish authors became the iconic names of English literature. Ireland stated that 36% of the people in the country can speak the Irish Language. Mainly spoken in the west coast of the country as a colloquial language, Irish is spoken as a second language in many regions of Ireland. Only 1.8% of the general public can speak Irish as a colloquial language. Irish is a native language in Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, a small part of Waterford, and Mayo and Meath. Irish is defined as “the language whose future is brighter than its past”, thanks to the native language education started recently, and its recognition as an official language.