Russian is one of the most spoken language across Eurasia, and is a part of the Slavic languages. It falls under East Slavic languages of the Slavic subgroup within Indo-European language family together with Belarusian and Ukrainian. Russian gained a great political importance in the 20th century. It is one of the official languages of the United Nations and the seventh most spoken language in the world. The Cyrillic alphabet is used in Russian. Despite its obscurity within the words, accent is highly significant in Russian. Because pronunciation of each word changes depending on the accent in the word, it is crucial to fully understand accents and pronunciation while learning this language.
Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus are the countries where Russian is spoken the most. Although it is not common as much as before, Russian is also spoken in the countries that were once states of the Soviet Union. Although the Soviet Union’s language policy for different ethnic groups continuously changed throughout its time, Russian was the mainly spoken language.
Russian was recognized as the official language of the Union in 1990. In the years following the dissolution, Russian maintained its significance even though some countries supported their local languages after gaining their independence. Given that more than half of Estonia’s population speak Russian, and Russian is the official language in most countries emerged after dissolution of the Soviet Union, it is understood how powerful this language is. It is also taught at the schools of countries where their official language is not Russian. Russian, which is still the official language in Kazakhstan, Belarus and Kyrgyzstan, is spoken in Baltic states either as a foreign language or the first language. The majority speaks Russian in the northern Kazakhstan. 60% of Lithuania's population speaks Russian. In Israel, Russian is spoken by nearly 750,000 people. These are the Jewish immigrants who came after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. At schools in Kazakhstan, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and Tajikistan, Russian is obligatory.