Greek, also called Romaic or Hellenic, is a language spoken in Greece, Cyprus, Albania and around the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Greek is the official language of Greece, with an average of over 3,500 years of history as a written language. In the Republic of Cyprus, it is the official language along with Turkish. Greek is generally classified as an independent branch in the Indo-European language family. The language of Classical Greek civilization is Ancient Greek. Modern Greek is very different, although it originates from Ancient Greek. Greek, written in the Greek alphabet, has used this alphabet throughout history.
Greek is the native language of approximately 13 million people living mainly in Greece, and also in Australia, Germany and the United States. In Turkey, it is said that there are about 2,500 Greek Orthodox citizens, whose mother tongue is Greek, almost all of whom live in Istanbul, Gökçeada and Bozcaada. This language is also used by the people of Trabzon who were Islamized through the 15th and 17th centuries.
As one of the oldest languages, Greek consists of sections called Mycenaean, Classical, Hellenistic, Medieval and Modern. Throughout history, it is one of the rare languages that has been able to produce very important literary works in every period.