Emerged in England in the 5th century, English is one of the West Germanic languages, which is commonly used across the world today. It is the native language of the majority living in the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Canada, and the regions such as the Caribbean. It is also used as an official language by the Commonwealth of Nations and a vast number of international organizations.
Modern English can be defined as a “global common language”, which is commonly spoken by people with different native languages. With an international validity, and a helpful nature in communication, it is a prominent language in diplomacy, entertainment industry, commerce, aviation, science, communication and many other fields. It can be regarded as the most commonly used language in translation services due to these factors.
It is possible to say that the colonial policies of the Great Britain and the USA, and their growing economical and cultural influence after the World War 2, significantly contributed to this language’s reaching beyond the Britain islands and becoming much more embraced. Today, this language is spoken across America, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Egypt, Africa and South Asia, both as a native and second language. Moreover, as the first official language, it is the world’s third most spoken language after Chinese and Spanish. It is known that English, as a native and second language, is spoken by over 1.8 billion people in the world, and the number of native speakers is 477,000.